Your company or business welcomes your employees, visitors and customers, it is your responsibility to ensure their safety, especially in case of disaster. Several situations can make necessary the emergency evacuation of the people present in your premises. This critical moment must be prepared in advance by providing emergency exits according to the regulations in force.
One of the components of the emergency action plan, necessary in the event of a disaster, is the evacuation plan.
The first step to take to prepare your evacuation plan is to examine the law, the texts that govern :
For example, if you receive the public, you will have to comply with the rules governing ERP (Establishment Receiving the Public). A “practical guide to fire safety in retail stores and shopping centers” available on government websites. A fire is the most frequent disaster.
Another point to consider:
For example, in a museum, it is generally considered that the number of people allowed is one person per 5m2. One consequence is to limit the number of people in the establishment to be able to put them in safety in case of danger. This first reflection will guide the elaboration of your evacuation plan, because if it must respect standards, it is however specific to each company.
An emergency exit is a continuous exit route, free of any obstacle, to leave any point of the premises to a safe place in case of danger. In general, it leads to the outside. It can also be used for emergency response.
Thus the number, location and width of emergency exits must be defined for each place, according to its configuration (a store in a shopping center, a store with several floors, etc.).
For example :
– a restaurant must have at least two exit doors ;
– the width of the passages is calculated using a standard width called “passage unit” or UP with a value of 0.60 cm,
– the fire resistance (expressed in hours) required for the materials of the emergency exits varies according to the number of floors served.
Once installed, the exits are permanent in the building and must be maintained during construction. Their route is designed to avoid high risk areas. The emergency evacuation plan notifying emergency routes must be known by employees, as well as the name and job title of the person to contact for detailed information.
The emergency exits are part of the security in the company, this security is thought by all, every day to function at best.